Asia Pacific Journal of Energy and Environment http://i-proclaim.my/archive/index.php/apjee i-Proclaim en-US Asia Pacific Journal of Energy and Environment 2312-2005 Performance Evaluation of Multiple Helical Tubes as a Receiver for Solar Parabolic Trough Collector http://i-proclaim.my/archive/index.php/apjee/article/view/544 <p>Solar parabolic trough collector consists of a parabolic reflector with a central receiver at a focal point through which heat transfer fluid is passed. Parabolic trough collector is used mostly in solar thermal power plants for generating electricity. This paper describes the experimental results of two straight tubes wrapped over each other to form a helically shaped receiver. The receiver was tested with aluminium material with and without black paint over it. Also, the helical tube receiver was tested with a glass cover over it, at two different mass flow rates and, with and without manual tracking. The tested instantaneous thermal efficiency ranges from 31.26% to 45.28% and the overall thermal efficiency ranges from 14.9% to 31.41% during the experimental period. The instantaneous thermal efficiency increased by an average of 1.32 times for unpainted receiver and 1.36 times for black painted receiver with the increase in mass flow rate. By tracking the parabolic collector according to sun’s position, there is an average increase in instantaneous thermal efficiency by 1.1 times for unpainted receiver and 1.04 times for black painted receiver. The paper further reveals that the use of multiple helical tubes as a receiver for parabolic trough collector increases the overall efficiency of the collector in a substantial manner.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Swapnil N. Lotake M. M. Wagh ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2019-07-12 2019-07-12 6 1 7 14 10.18034/apjee.v6i1.544 A Case Study of the Environmental Impact Assessment Legislation in Sarawak, Malaysia http://i-proclaim.my/archive/index.php/apjee/article/view/545 <p>Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a planning tool used to identify, predict, evaluate and mitigate the environmental effects of development projects. In Sarawak, EIA is governed by the both the State and the Federal EIA Orders. This leads to ambivalence in determining the legislation under which a prescribed activity demanding an EIA falls. This case study aims to investigate the implications associated with the coexistence of both EIA Orders in the state of Sarawak from the viewpoints of practicing environmental consultants. The case study reviews the EIA legislations governing EIA practices in the State and includes a qualitative survey involving practicing EIA consultants to gather feedback on the implications associated with the EIA practices and recommendations to resolve the problems identified. The study shows that even though a prescribed activity is defined by the EIA legislations, different stages of the prescribed activity eventually become prescribed activities on their own, which demand fulfillment of different EIA legislation. Unclear demarcation of EIA jurisdiction and different requirements on the scope of an EIA particularly for earthworks also contribute to doubts among environmental consultants interviewed. Consultation, involvement and effective communication with environmental protection as priority are crucial to minimize any uncertainty resulted from co-implementation of both the EIA legislations. Future study can look into comparing perceptions on the effectiveness of the State and the Federal EIA legislations. The case study delves into a crucial issue related to EIA practices in Sarawak, Malaysia which has persisted without being formally addressed in any previous studies.</p> Daniel Tang Kuok Ho ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2019-07-12 2019-07-12 6 1 15 22 10.18034/apjee.v6i1.545 The Value of Solar Photovoltaics in an Isolated Competitive Electricity Market: A Case Study of Singapore http://i-proclaim.my/archive/index.php/apjee/article/view/546 <p>With a view of achieving its obligations under the global climate change regime, and low technical potential for other renewable energy technologies, solar photovoltaics (PV) is the main focus for Singapore to generate low carbon electricity. However, a high penetration of PV in Singapore’s electricity market would result in a number of costs and benefits that need to be quantified in order to ensure prudent government policies for “supporting” the widespread adoption of PV in Singapore. The quantification of these costs and benefits would allow policymakers to realize the true “value” of solar PV for Singapore and would address the limitations of relying on the levelised cost of electricity metric. This paper provides an assessment of the societal value that PV would bring to Singapore, essentially an isolated power system with a liberalized electricity market. For the purpose of this study, the determination of the value of solar involves quantifying the savings due to the merit order effect, costs due to additional frequency control services, and net avoidance of CO2 emissions.</p> Anton Finenko Gautam Jindal Anthony D Owen Jacqueline Tao Liu Xiying ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2019-07-15 2019-07-15 6 1 23 36 10.18034/apjee.v6i1.546