Effects of Land Ownership Disputes on Social Structure in Tehsil Dargai District Malakand

  • Muhammad Nisar Lecturer, Department of Sociology and Gender Studies, Bacha Khan University Charsada, KP, PAKISTAN
Keywords: Land, Land Commercialization, Social Structure, Disputes

Abstract

The main objective of this research study was to ascertain the effect of land ownership disputes due to land commercialization and its effects on social structure in Tehsil Dargai, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Out of 291 respondents from civil suit/1 register of Tehsil Dargai, a sample size of 128 respondents was selected randomly through using the Mwakaje (2013) formula. Convenience sampling was used as a tool for data collection. The dependent variable (social structure) was cross tabulated with independent variable (land commercialization related disputes). Association of variables was ascertained by using Chi-square test. The study found a significant association between social structure and land ownership disputes due to urbanization (P= .045), population pressure (P=014), land considered a key asset of livelihood (P=0.000), agricultural commercialization (P=0.000) and increase in land prices (P=0.000). However, there was a non-significant relationship between social structure and migration into an area (P=0.200). The study concluded that the social structure is becoming weakening due to land disputes because of commercialization. People are becoming materialistic in their outlook and feel no hesitation in adopting unfair means to sell or force encroachment on other’s land which leads to the weakening of social bonds and hence social structure.

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anwar, T., Qureshi, S. K., Ali, H., and Ahmad, M. (2004). Landlessness and Rural Poverty in Pakistan [with Comments]. The Pakistan Development Review, 855-874.

Baatar, B. 2007. Land Conflicts related to Land Privatisation in Mongolia. Case Study of Urban and Peri-urban areas. Unpublished Master’s Thesis at the Centre of Land Management and Land Tenure, Technische Universität München.

Bokeria, R. 2006. Ongoing Process of Privatisation in Georgia. Transnational Crime and Corruption Center, Caucasus Office. Tbilisi.

Cernea, M. M. 1988b. Alternative Social Forestry Development Strategies. In J. Ives and D. C. Pitt (eds) Deforestation: Social Dynamics in Watersheds and Mountain Ecosystems. London: Routledge. 159–190.

Civil suit/1 register of Tehsil Dargai District Malakand

Cotula, L., Toulmin, C., & Hesse, C. (2004). Land Tenure and Administration in Africa: Lessons of Experience and Emerging Issues, International Institute for Environment and Development, London.

Egemi, Omer. 2006. Land tenure in Sudan: challenges to livelihood security and social peace. In Land issue and peace in Sudan, edited by Galal-Eldeen El Tayeb. Khartoum, Sudan: Sudan Environment Conservation Society.

IIED.1999. Land Tenure and Resource Access in West Africa: Issues and Opportunities for the Next Twenty Five Years, London: International Institute for Environment and Development

Platteau, J.-P. 1996. The evolution theory of land rights as applied to Sub-Saharan Africa: a critical assessment. Development and Change, 27, 29-86.

Radcliffe-Brown, A. R.1940 Structure and Functiun in Primitive Society. Neu: York: Free Press.

Rural Development Institute Report on Foreign Aid and Development for the World Justice Project, 2009. Women’s Inheritance Rightsto Land and Property in South Asia: A Study of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka

United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT), Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR): Indigenous Peoples’ Right to Adequate Housing. A Global Overview. Nairobi 2005.

USAID. 2005. Land and Conflict; a toolkit for intervention. Washington, DC: USAID Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation.

Van Donge, J. K. 1999. Law and Order as a Development Issue: Land Conflicts and the Creation of Social Order in Southern Malawi. Journal of Development Studies 36 (2): 48-70.

Wallerstein, I. 2012. Land, Space, and People: Constraints of the Capitalists World-Economy. Journal of World-Systems Research, 18(1).

Wehrmann, B. 2008. Land conflicts: A practical guide to dealing with land disputes. Eschborn: GTZ.

Wilson, C. Land Management and Conflict Minisation Sub-Project 1.1. The Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat LMCM project supported by AusAID and UNDP.

Yamano, T. & Deininger, K. 2005. Land Conflicts in Kenya: Causes, Impacts, and Resolutions, Foundation for Advanced Studies on International Development /National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies Discussion Paper 2005-12-002.

Yamano, T., & Deininger, K. (2005). Land Conflicts in Kenya: Causes, Impacts and Resolution. FASID Discussion Paper, 27.

Zongo, M. 2002. Land Conflict. World Bank Regional Land Workshop in Kampala, Uganda.

--0--

Published
2018-04-07
How to Cite
Nisar, M. (2018) “Effects of Land Ownership Disputes on Social Structure in Tehsil Dargai District Malakand”, Global Disclosure of Economics and Business, 7(1), pp. 21-26. Available at: http://i-proclaim.my/archive/index.php/gdeb/article/view/438 (Accessed: 14October2019).
Section
Articles