About the Journal

Editorial Objectives
GDEB is a peer-reviewed journal devoted to research in the broad field of business and economics. The journal seeks to provide a forum for experts within this broad framework. This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.
The journal registered in the ISSN Register (the world catalog of serials and continuing resources, taken from the ISO standard 3297 which defines the ISSN and its uses). Articles in this journal have undergone a rigorous peer review system, based on initial editor screening and involving international refereeing, ensures that articles meet the standards of quality. ​

Following Publication
GDEB review process usually takes 40-60 days, depending on the number of papers available for review. Based on the recommendations of the reviewer, as well as consultation between relevant Editorial Board members the Managing Editor then decides whether the paper should be accepted as is, revised, or rejected. The authors will receive an unsigned copy of the referees’ reports and the editor's pen. Acceptance and rejection notifications will be sent to all authors. The editor may make use of Grammarly and Paperrater software for checking the originality of submissions received. Once accepted for publication, the corresponding author is encouraged to send the final version of the manuscript. The authors should submit only papers that have been carefully proofread and polished. Before submission please make sure that your submission is prepared after proofreading and grammar checking according to the editor's pen. This will ensure fast processing and publication.

The Issue Dates

  • January to May Receipt of Articles = Publication in June 
  • July to November Receipt of Articles = Publication in December 

Abstracts of articles should be provided (not more than 300 words long). Articles should be up to 6000 words (inclusive of references).  We will endeavor to have reviews back within 4 weeks.  Re-reviews will be expected to be back within 2 weeks.  All reviews are carried out anonymously. Case Reports or Short Notes should be up to 3000 words (inclusive of references). Articles should be submitted in Microsoft Word format (doc or docx).

Publishing a paper with this journal means that the author or authors retain the copyright in the paper. This journal is granted an exclusive noncommercial reuse license by the author(s), but the author(s) are able to put the paper onto a website, distribute it to colleagues, give it to students, use it in your thesis, etc, so long as the use is not directed at a commercial advantage or toward private monetary gain. 
The author(s) can reuse the figures and tables and other information contained in their paper published by this journal in future papers or work without having to ask anyone for permission, provided that the figures, tables, or other information that is included in the new paper or work properly references the published paper as the source of the figures, tables or other information, and the new paper or work is not direct at a private monetary gain or commercial advantage.

Open Access License
Presently GDEB's open access policy enables the reader to view, download, and print the article free of charge.
This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge & be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms. || View License Deed || View Legal Code ||
Published articles are distributed under this Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC). Articles can be read and shared for noncommercial purposes under the following conditions:

  • BY: Attribution must be given to the original source (Attribution)
  • NC: Works may not be used for commercial purposes (Noncommercial)

i-Proclaim uses the CC BY-NC to protect the author's work from misuse.

GDEB makes every effort to ensure the accuracy of all the information (the “Content”) contained in its publications. However, GDEB and its editors make no representations or warranties whatsoever as to the accuracy, completeness, or suitability for any purpose of the Content and disclaim all such representations and warranties whether express or implied to the maximum extent permitted by law. Any views expressed in this publication are the views of the authors and are not the views of editors.  

Digital Preservation
This journal utilizes the PKP Preservation Network to create a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration. PKP has developed the PKP Preservation Network (PKP PN) to digitally preserve OJS journals. A list of GDEB issues currently preserved in the PKP PN is available, which is updated timely.

Beyond the PKP PN, this journal uses the Portico system to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration. GDEB published articles are preserved in Portico to ensure the long-term survival of web-based scholarly publications. If the journal is no longer published (access to archive), authors/ readers will be able to view the journal contents. 

Prior to article submission, authors should clear permission to use any content that has not been created by them. Failure to do so may lead to lengthy delays in publication. GDEB is unable to publish any article which has permissions pending. 

Informed Consent Statement
For all research involving human subjects, informed consent to participate in the study should be obtained from participants (or their parent or guardian in the case of children under 16) and a statement to this effect should appear in the manuscript.
For all manuscripts that include details, images, or videos relating to individual participants, written informed consent for the publication of these must be obtained from the participants (or their parent or legal guardian in the case of children under 16) and a statement to this effect should appear in the manuscript.

COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics)
GDEB follows the Code of Conduct of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), and follows the COPE Flowcharts for Resolving Cases of Suspected Misconduct. COPE provides advice to editors and publishers on all aspects of publication ethics and, particularly, handling cases of research and publication misconduct. This means that GDEB adheres to the ethical standards in publishing. Details .....

Complaints Policy  
The Managing Editor and staff of GDEB will make every endeavor to put matters right as soon as possible in the most appropriate way, offering the right of reply where necessary. As far as possible, we will investigate complaints in a blame-free manner, looking to see how systems can be improved to prevent mistakes from occurring.

Errors and letters
As we are all human we all make mistakes. You may find after your paper has been published that it contains an error. If this happens you need to contact the editorial team immediately, the paper cannot be changed (if it will already have been deposited with DOI) but an addendum to the paper can be published in the journal as soon as possible. If the error is a major one eg, there was a problem with your original study that now invalidates your findings the paper may be retracted, but this is very rare.

Invoice for Processing Fee
If the paper is accepted for publication, the author(s) will be asked (invoice letter) to pay 160 US$; as an article processing charge in order to defray the operating costs. Fees include editing, costs of journal production, web hosting, database, online repository and archiving, and online publication. If the author wants to get a hard copy of the Journal, they are required to pay extra charges. The payment method will be notified by the managing editor with the invoice of accepted papers. 

Refund Policy
Article processing charge paid for publication “as is”. The author assumes responsibility for the payment, and no refunds will be issued.