Enhancing Food Security through Acclimatized Species Domestication in the Haor Region

  • Md. Rahimullah Miah Leading University
Keywords: Food Security, Acclimatization, Domestication, Co-management, Haor

Abstract

Stratagem to promote improvement based on the cultivating, nurturing, harvesting, jamboree, processing, collecting period and diversifying of acclimatized species implicitly target households as principal beneficiaries in haor region of Bangladesh. This paper suggests that the cultivation and domestication of acclimatized species can play important roles for enhancing food security in these co-managed areas. Sunamgonj is a haor based district in Bangladesh where local communities are affected by the unwanted deluge throughout the approximately six months round the year. Most of haor inhabitants are hampered on food insecurity including fundamental needs and networks in this period. For these overcomes, succession of vegetative-floristic compositions including fauna and genetic diversification introduced in these areas not only for upliftment of food security but also shelter bank free from devastating. This study focuses on four Upazillas in Sunamgonj that derive a significant portion of their livelihoods from providing of cultivated species including flora and fauna in the mentioned haor region. The author applied social science methods for relevant data and information collection surrounding these haor areas. About 65% respondents of these regions are opined for seasonal species cultivation and domestication through the co-managed partners both government and development organizations including national and international agencies. The author wants to aware for species selection, domestication, tending, training and development  among the enthusiastic farmers on the priority requirements on species gene bank to accomplish a broader concept of food security and to ensure that short-term food benefits lead to longer-term food security. It concludes that both research on the cultivation and domestication of acclimatization and co-management practices that are needed to allow haor inhabitants to continue to live ensuring food security round the year in this region within a sustainable manner of haor resources. Finally, the author infers the future research trajectories of the co-managed approaches and recommendations for how to further sustainable develop the probable domesticated resources alternatively for food security in the aforesaid.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Md. Rahimullah Miah, Leading University

Leading University, Sylhet, BANGLADESH

References

Baten, S. A. 1991. Forestry situation in Bangladesh and problems related to forest conservation and protection. In: N. Q. Zabala, S. A. Baten and L. M. Rahman (eds.) Proceding of a training course on conservation and protection of Forest Heritage in Bangladesh. pp. 1-10.

BBS (Bangladesh Bureau Statistics). 2001. Bureau of Statistics of the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. 2001. Population Census Preliminary Report (2001–2008).

BBS (Bangladesh Bureau Statistics). 2003. Overview: National-Series. Bangladesh Population Census, 2001. Ministry of Planning. Government of Peoples Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka.

Chakraborty, T. R. 2006. Management of Haors, Baors, and Beels in Bangladesh: Lessons for Lake Basin Management. IUCN Bangladesh Country Office, Dhaka, Bangladesh, pp. 1-15.

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). World Food Summit, 1996.

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). 2010. Food Security Information for Decision-making. URL: www.foodsec.org

FMP (Forestry Master Plan). 1992a. Statistical report. Village Forestry Inventory, Forestry Master Plan. ADB TA 1355-BAN/UNDP/FAO/BGD/88/025.

FSHB (Food Security in Haor Basin).2012. Proceedings of the seminar on food security in Haor Basin, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, October 15, 2012].

GFSI (Global Food Security Index).2012. http://www.thedailystar.net/beta2/news/waste-not-want-not/

GHI (Global Hunger Index).2012.www.ifpri.org/ghi/2012/summary

HILIP (Haor Infrastructure and Livelihood Improvement Project). 2011. Drivers of Poverty in the Haors. Enabling Poor People to Adapt to Climate Change. Project Design Report-Main Report: Vol-I. P.56.

IFPRI (International Food Policy Research Institute). 2012. www.ifpri.org/ghi/2012/summary

IFPRI (International Food Policy Research Institute). 2013. The Status of Food Security in the Feed: The Future Zone and Other Region of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Policy Research and Strategy Support Program for Food Security and Agriculture Development, International Food Policy Research Institute, Dhaka, Bangladesh. p.22.]

Mordechai E. Kislev, Anat Hartmann, and Ofer Bar-Yosef. 2006. Early domesticated fig in the Jordan Valley. Science 312:1372-1374.

MPHA-Master Plan of Haor Areas. 2012. Bangladesh Haor and Wetland Development Board, Ministry of Water Resources, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Vol. II, pp.1-266.

Negi, S.S. 1993. Biodiversity and its Conservation in India. Indus Publishing Company, New Delhi, India. Pp.26-43.

Nishat, A. 1993. Fresh water Wetlands in Bangladesh: Status and Issues. In: Nishat A, Hossain Z, Roy M K and Karim A (eds.) Freshwater Wetlands in Bangladesh-Issues and Approaches for Management. IUCN, 1993, pp 9-22.

PDR-Project Design Report.2011. Drivers of Poverty in the Haors. Haor Infrastructure and Livelihood Improvement Project, Enabling Poor People to Adapt to climate change, Bangladesh. p.56.

Prance, G.T. 1997. Plant diversity and conservation. In: Souvenir, 9th Biennial Botanical Conference, 1996, Bangladesh Botanical Society,pp.29-38.

Quamrul, I.C. 2001. Bangladesh State of Biodiversity. Forum of Environmental Journalists of Bangladesh. Dhaka, Bangladesh. 5-15 pp.

Rashid, E.H. 1991. Geography of Bangladesh. University Press Ltd. 124-127 pp.

UDHR (Universal Declaration of Human Rights). 1948. http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/

Web 2 : http://www.lged.gov.bd/ViewMap2.aspx?DistrictID=64

Web: www.multivu.com.

--0--

Published
2013-06-19
How to Cite
Miah, M. R. (2013) “Enhancing Food Security through Acclimatized Species Domestication in the Haor Region”, ABC Journal of Advanced Research, 2(1), pp. 49-65. Available at: https://i-proclaim.my/journals/index.php/abcjar/article/view/70 (Accessed: 20July2019).
Bookmark and Share