Effects of Quantum Confinements in Tin Sulphide Nanocrystals Produced by Wet-Solution Technique


  • Cliff Orori Mosiori Technical University of Mombasa




Potential Morphing Method, Quantum Confinement effect, Hartree Fock Approximation


In thin film nano-crystals studies, electron energy levels are known not continuous in the bulk thin films but are rather discrete(finite density of states) because of confinement of their electron wave functions to the physically dimensions of the particles. This phenomenon is called Quantum confinement and therefore nano-crystals are also referred to Quantum dots. The quantum confinement effect is mainly observed when the size of the particle involved is too small to be comparable to the wavelength of the electron. To understand this effect, this study broke the words confinement to mean to confine the motion of randomly moving electron to restrict its motion in specific energy levels (discreteness) and the term quantum to reflect the atomic realm of particles involved in this study. So as the size of a particle decrease to a nano scale, then the decrease in confining dimension causes the particle energy levels to be too discrete and at the same time widens up the band gap. As a result the ultimately effect is that the band gap energy increases. In this study, nanocrystalline tin sulphide (SnS) powder was prepared using tin chloride (SnCl2) as a tin ion (Sn+2) source and sodium sulfide (Na2S) as a sulfur (S-2) ion source using solution magneto DC sputtering technique. The as-synthesized thin film in form of nanoparticles were then qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed and characterized in terms of their morphological, structural and optical properties and found to have an orthorhombic structure whose direct band gap had blue shifted (1.74 eV) and was confirmed using theoretical calculations of exciton energy based on the potential morphing method (PMM) in the Hartree Fock approximation.


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Author Biography

  • Cliff Orori Mosiori, Technical University of Mombasa

    Lecturer, Department of Mathematics and Physics, Technical University of Mombasa, Mombasa, KENYA


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How to Cite

Mosiori, C. O. . (2019). Effects of Quantum Confinements in Tin Sulphide Nanocrystals Produced by Wet-Solution Technique. Asia Pacific Journal of Energy and Environment, 6(1), 37-42. https://doi.org/10.18034/apjee.v6i1.261