Son Preference, Childbearing Behavior and Respondent Socio-Demographic Characteristics in Morogoro, Tanzania

  • Jaha Mulema Muslim University of Morogoro
Keywords: Son preference, sex preference, childbearing behavior, Morogoro, Tanzania


The study finds out how son preference influences childbearing behavior in the Morogoro municipality, Tanzania. The study was conducted at six wards in the Morogoro municipality. A total of 203 households was surveyed. Purposive and simple random sampling was adopted to select households to be included in the study. A chi-square test was performed to test for the association between son preference and family size. Quantitative analysis of parity progression ratio and sex ratio at last birth shows that couples’ preference for sons adjust childbearing upwards in the Morogoro municipality. The findings show that couples’ continue having children until they reached the desired number of sons. The study concluded that son preference was a factor toward high childbearing behavior in the Morogoro municipality.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Jaha Mulema, Muslim University of Morogoro

Assistant Lecturer, Geography, Muslim University of Morogoro, TANZANIA


Bongaarts, J. (1998). Fertility and Reproductive Preferences in Post-Transitional Societies. Paper Prepared for the conference on Global Fertility Transition, Bellagio, Italy. [Online] Available: (May, 25, 2013).

Dhilon, P., and Sing, L. L. (2010). Time Varying and Unvarying Factors Affecting Ideal and Actual Family Size in North India. [Online] Available: (September, 13, 2013)

Dibaba, Y. (2008). Factors Influencing Women’s Intention to Limit Childbearing in Oromia, Ethiopia. Journal of Health Development, 22, 28-33.

Fuse, K. (2008). Gender Preferences for Children: A multi country study. [Online] Available: (October, 10, 2013).

Khraif, M. R. (2001). Fertility in Saudi Arabia: Levels and Determinant. A Paper Presented at XXIV General Population Conference, Salvador, Brazil, [Online] Available: (May, 25, 2013).

Kiriti, T. W. and Tisdell, C. (2005). Family Size, Economics, and Child Gender Preference: A Case Study in the Nyeri District, Kenya. [Online] Available: (October, 7, 2013).

Leone, T., Mathews, Z., &Zuanna, G. D. (2003). Impact and Determinants of Sex Preference in Nepal. International Family Planning Perspectives, 29, 69-75. [Online] Available: (October, 12, 2013).

Mutharayappa, R et al., (1997). Son Preference and Its Effects on Fertility in India. National Family Health Survey Subject Reports, No. 3. [Online] Available: (February, 12, 2013).

Shirazi, S. A. (2004). Gender Preference: A Determinant of Family size in Lahore- Pakistan. [Online] Available: (September, 13, 2013).


How to Cite
Mulema, J. (2014) “Son Preference, Childbearing Behavior and Respondent Socio-Demographic Characteristics in Morogoro, Tanzania”, ABC Journal of Advanced Research, 3(1), pp. 9-14. Available at: (Accessed: 22November2019).
Bookmark and Share